JAPANESE LESSON, Kanji Exercise

Kanji Exercise 1 | number

Kanji Exercise numbers

こんにちは、おじゃちゃんです🐶Today’s lesson is “Kanji Exercise 1 | number 数字”.

The most important thing in Language study is vocabulary. There are 2,136 words of Kanji on JLPT.
You have to practice kanji a lot because you need to learn the way of reading and using it, and how to write the stroke order and the radical in a kanji.
Let’s learn kanji as you learn the vocabulary!

KANJI Dictionary 2500 (Japanese)

Customer Reviews: ★★★★☆

Publisher : ナツメ社 (July, 18th 2019)

Kanji Exercise | Number 数字

Kanji Number 1|一 いち

Is it very simple, right? Write it horizontally with confidence. We sometimes read the particular way of this kanji depending on the combination. It is often used for proverbs.

Kanji Exercise 1. ichi
JapaneseEnglish
一回
ikkai
once
一時
ichiji
1 o’clock
一番目
ichibanme
the first
一つ
hitotsu
one piece
一日
tsui
tachi
first (date)
一月
ichigatsu
January
一昨日
ototoi
the day before yesterday
一昨年
ototoshi
last year
一期一会
ichigo ichie
Once in a lifetime! Now or never!
一石二鳥
isseki nichou
Killing two birds with one stone.

OJAR Original Kanji Worksheet

Kanji Number 2|二 に

The 1st stroke is shorter than the 2nd stroke. We sometimes read the particular way of this kanji depending on the combination. 

Kanji Exercise 2. ni
JapaneseEnglish
二回
nikai
twice
二時
niji
2 o’clock
二番目
nibanme
the second
二つ
futatsu
two pieces
二日
futsu
ka
second (date)
二月
nigatsu
February
二十日
hatsuka
twentieth (date)
二人
futari
two people
二十歳
hatachi
20-year-old
唯一無二
yuiitsu muni
only

OJAR Original Kanji Worksheet

kanji workbook numbers 2. ni

Kanji Number 3|三 さん 

The point is that a 3rd, 1st, and 2nd strokes have length decreasing in this order. For personal names, it is often read “ぞう” like a former prime minister “安倍 晋三 Shinzo Abe“.

Kanji Exercise 3. san
JapaneseEnglish
三回
sankai
three times
三時
sanji
3 o’clock
三番目
sanbanme
the third
三角
sankaku
triangle
三つ
mittsu
three pieces
三日月
mikazuki
crescent moon
三日
mikka
third (date)
三月
sangatsu
March
二人三脚
ninin sankyaku
three-legged race
三日坊主
mikka bouzu
getting bored easily
never last more than 3 days

OJAR Original Kanji Worksheet

kanji workbook numbers 3 san

Kanji Number 4|四 し or よん

Make the 4th stroke curve rightward. In Japan, this onyomi of the number is often avoided using because this number means same as 死 shi the death.

Kanji Exercise workbook 4 shi
JapaneseEnglish
四回
yonkai
four times
四時
yoji
4 o’clock
四番目
yonbanme
the fourth
四角
shikaku
square
四つ
yottsu
4 pieces
四季
shiki
4 seasons
四日
yokka
fourth (date)
四月
shigatsu
April
四方八方
shihou happou 
every direction
四苦八苦
shiku hakku
struggling

OJAR Original Kanji Worksheet

kanji workbook numbers 4. shi

Kanji Number 5|五 ご 

The important thing is the consciousness of the space in the 3rd stroke. There are 5important events, which is called 5節句 go-sekku 5 seasonal festivals (January 7th, March 3rd, May 5th, July 7th, and September 9th), in Japan.

Kanji Exercise 5. go
JapaneseEnglish
五回
gokai
five times
五時
goji
5 o’clock
五番目
gobanme
the fifth
五角形
gokakkei
pentagon
五つ
itsutsu
5 pieces
五輪
gorin
olympic
五日
itsuka
fifth (date)
五月
gogatsu
May
五月雨
samidare
an early summer rain
五里霧中
gorimuchuu
in the dark

OJAR Original Kanji Worksheet

kanji workbook numbers 5. go

Kanji Number 6|六 ろく

Be careful with the angle of the 2nd and 3rd stroke. In the Japanese calendar, there is the special counting way of days, which is called六曜 roku-you (先勝 senshou, 友引 tomobiki, 先負 senbu, 仏滅 butsumetsu 大安 taian, and 赤口 syakkou), it tells fortune in a 6-day cycle following the lunar calendar. We usually use this when we have a ceremonial occasion such as a marriage ceremony or a funeral according to an old custom.

Kanji Exercise 6. roku
JapaneseEnglish
六回
rokkai
six times
六時
rokuji
6 o’clock
六番目
rokubanme
the sixth
六角形
rokkakei
hexagon
六つ
muttsu
6 pieces
双六
sugoroku 
a board game played with dice
六日
muika
sixth
六月
rokugatsu
June
十六夜
izayoi
the moon on 16th night on the lunar calendar
四六時中
shiroku jichuu
every time

OJAR Original Kanji Worksheet

kanji workbook numbers 6. roku

Kanji Number 7|七 しち or なな

At the end of the brushstroke, you can write the upward brushstroke, but we usually stop it at the end. We often use “nana” more than “shichi” because shichi’s pronunciation is harder than nana. In Japan, when we write the number 7, we write like a “7”, it is not like a “ヌ”, which is the western-style. 

Kanji Exercise 7. shichi
JapaneseEnglish
七回
(shichikai) *original
nanakai *common
7 times
七時
shichiji
nanaji
7 o’clock
七番目
shichibanme
nanabanme
the seventh
七つ
nanatsu
tsu 7 pieces
七日
nanoka
seventh (date)
七月
shichigatsu
nanagatsu
July
七福神
shichifukujin
seven gods
七夕
tanabata
the star day
七五三縄
shi
menawa
twisted straw rope
七転八起
shichiten hakki
nanakorobi yaoki
A man’s walking is a succession of falls.

OJAR Original Kanji Worksheet

kanji workbook numbers 7. shichi

Kanji Number 8|八 はち

Be careful with the angle.
Kanji of is called末広がり suehirogari to prosper more and more, we treat this kanji as good luck.

Kanji Exercise 8. hachi
JapaneseEnglish
八回
hachikai
eight times
八時
hachiji
8 o’clock
八番目
hachibanme
the eighth
八つ
yattsu
8 pieces
八日
youka
eighth (date)
八月
hachigatsu
August
八百長
yaochou
a fix
八百屋
yaoya
a fruit and vegetable store
七転八倒
shichiten battou
tossing oneself about in great pain
八方美人
happou bijin
someone who is nice to everyone

OJAR Original Kanji Worksheet

kanji workbook numbers 8. hachi

Kanji Number 9|九 きゅう or く

The important thing is writing the upward brushstroke at the end. We associate 9 with “苦しむ kurushimu suffering” so we have a bad image for this number.

Kanji Exercise 9. kyuu
JapaneseEnglish
九回
kyuukai
nine times
九時
kuji
9 o’clock
九番目
kyuubanme
the ninth
九つ
kokonotsu
9 pieces
九日
kokonoka
ninth (date)
九月
kugatsu
September
九九
kuku 
multiplication of 1 to 9 times tables
九州
kyuushuu
Kyushu region
九尾の狐
kyuubi no kitsune
nine tails fox
九死に一生
kyuushi ni isshou
narrowly escape death

OJAR Original Kanji Worksheet

kanji workbook numbers 9. kyuu

Kanji Number 10|十 じゅう

Be careful with the stroke order. You can express other numbers like a “20 二十, 30 三十, 40 四十…” with this kanji.

Kanji Exercise 10. juu
JapaneseEnglish

juu
ten
十時
juuji
10 o’clock
十番目
juubanme
the tenth
*十つ is wrong!
too
ten pieces
十日
tooka
tenth (date)
十月
juugatsu
October
十字架
juujika
cross
十分
juubun
plenty
十人十色
juunin toiro 
No snowflakes fall in the same spot.
Different strokes for different folks.
一を聞いて十を知る
ichi wo kiite juu wo shiru
to understand quickly

OJAR Original Kanji Worksheet

kanji workbook numbers 10. juu

■ Numbers More Than 11

We express numbers more than 11 by putting other numbers together.

numberJapanese
11
juu-ichi
12
juu-ni
13
juu-san
20
nijuu
24
nijuu-shi
nijuu-yon
25
nijuu-go
30
sanjuu
40
shijuu
yonjuu
50
gojuu
99
kyuujyuu-kyuu
kyuujuu-ku

Kanji Unit 100|百 ひゃく

Be careful for the 2nd stroke not to stick out to the 1st.
In Japan, we celebrate the birthday of the 100th day since the baby was born, which is called “百日祝い momoka-iwai” or “お食い初め okuizome”

Exercise 11. hyaku
JapaneseEnglish

hyaku
1 hundred
百円
hyakuen
100 yen
百日
hyakunichi / momoka
100 days
百貨店
hyakkaten
department store
百科事典
hyakka jiten
encyclopedia
百合
yuri
lily
百獣の王
hyakujuu no ou
the king of beasts, lion
百も承知
hyaku mo shouchi
well known
百戦錬磨
hyakusen renma
the never miss
to get something 100%
百発百中
hyappatsu hyakuchuu
The king of beasts, a lion.

OJAR
Original
Kanji
Worksheet

workbook numbers 11. hyaku

 Kanji Unit 1,000|千 せん 

Be careful with the angle of the 1st stroke.
The famous literature “The Arabian Nights” is called 千夜一夜物語 senya-ichiya-monogatari in japan.

Exercise 13. sen
JapaneseEnglish

sen
1 thousand 
千円
senen
1000 yen
千歳
chitose
a 1000 years / eternity
千羽鶴
senbazuru
one thousand paper cranes for luck
千代紙
chiyogami
origami
千鳥足
chidoriashi
stagger
千切り
sengiri
shred
千と千尋の神隠し
sen to chihiro no kamikakushi
“Spirited Away” Ghibli movie
千差万別
sensa banbetsu
diverse
千変万化
senpen banka
infinity variety

OJAR
Original
Kanji
Worksheet

workbook numbers 12. sen

Kanji Unit 10K|万 まん

Be careful with the stroke order, especially the 2nd one.
万 means “a large number of … or an all-around”

Exercise 13. man
JapaneseEnglish

man
10,000
一万円
ichimanen
10,000 yen
万歳
banzai
hurray!
万能
bannou
all-around
万引き
manbiki
shoplifting
万一 / 万が一
manichi / mangaichi
in an emergency
万華鏡
mangekyou
keleidoscope
万国博覧会 / 万博
bankoku hakurankai / banpaku
World Expo
八百万の神
yaoyorozu no kami
millions of gods

OJAR
Original
Kanji
Worksheet

workbook 13. man

Kanji Unit 100M|億 おく

It’s a complicated kanji for the intermediate level of Japanese, so you can memorize the parts by dividing “へん” and “つくり”. You can find this kanji only related to the words of money or distance. 

Kanji Exercise 14. oku
JapaneseEnglish

oku
hundred million
億円
okuen
hundred million yen
一億
ichioku
a hundred million
十億
juuoku
billion
百億
hyakuoku
10 billion
千億
senoku
100 billion
億ション
okushon
a condominium cost over 100 millions yen
虹村億泰 
nijimura okuyasu
a character of “JoJo’s Bizarre Adventure”
億劫
okkuu
reluctant
億万長者
okuman chouja
billionaire

OJAR
Original Kanji
Worksheet

workbook 14. oku

Kanji Unit 1012|兆 ちょう

You can only find this kanji when you read a business magazine or news about the national budget, so I think you can learn numbers till here for your daily life.

Kanji Exercise 15. chou
JapaneseEnglish

chou
trillion
一兆
icchou
a trillion
十兆
jucchou
10 trillion
百兆
hyakuchou
100 trillion
兆し
kizashi 
a sign
兆候
choukou
an omen / trend
前兆
zenchou
an omen
予兆
yochou
an indication
吉兆
kicchou
chance / fortune
凶兆
kyouchou
symptom

OJAR
Original Kanji
Worksheet

 workbook 15. chou

Kanji Number 0 | 零 れい

We pronounce this kanji “れい”, but we usually use “ゼロ” of Katakana instead. And we sometimes call 0 as “まる” on a room number or a telephone number.

Kanji Exercise workbook 0 rei
JapaneseEnglish

rei
zero / none
零時
reiji
midnight
零歳
reisai
a baby less than twelve months
零点
reiten
no points on the exam
零度
reido
freezing point
零下
reika
below freezing point
絶対零度zettaireidoabsolute zero
零れる
koboreru
to spill
零れ話
kobore banashi 
tidbits
EVA 零号機
EVA zerogouki
Evangelion Unit-01 -“Neon Genesis Evangelion” anime

OJAR
Original Kanji
Worksheet

kanji workbook numbers 16. rei

How to Count Numbers in Japanese?


The Japanese-style counting way of a unit is different from the western-style.

The western-style counting way is that the unit changes each “000” like a “1,000 thousand, 1,000,000 million, 1,000,000,000 billion…”. But the Japanese-style counting way is that the unit changes each “0000” like a “10,000 , 100,000,000  1,000,000,000,000 …”.

■ Units More Than 兆

If you are a huge fan of Japanese, you can learn this unit as 雑学! We hardly use these units. 

unitsJapanese
1
ichi
10
juu
100
hyaku
1,000
sen
10,000
man
108
oku
1012
chou
1016
kyou
1020
gai
1024(禾予) *a combined kanji
jo
1028
jou
1032
kou
1036
kan
1040
sei
1044
sai
1048
goku
1052恒河沙
gougasha
1056阿僧祇
asougi
1060那由他
nayuta
1064不可思議
fukashigi
1068無量大数
muryoutaisuu

Besides, Japanese-style counting ways are different depending on the things or animals and so on.
I’m going to tell you about this topic next time!

Okey, that’s all for today!

Good luck with your Kanji Exercise!

KANJI Dictionary 2500 (Japanese)

Customer Reviews: ★★★★☆

Publisher : ナツメ社 (July, 18th 2019)

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Kanji Exercise 2 |  Year, Month, And Week

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