JAPANESE LESSON

Japanese Lesson 4: Japanese Phonics 2 半濁音 and 拗音

Hi, I’m ojachan 🙂

I was a cram school teacher in Japan. I taught Japanese from elementary to junior high school students. Don’t you want to know how to learn Japanese like Japanese kids?I’ll teach you who start from beginner’s level Japanese.

Let’s get started!

Japanese phonics 2: 半濁音(はんだくおん)

Key Phrases

⚪︎” ​of the upper right side of the letter is called “Han-daku-on”.

は行 only becomes 半濁音(はんだくおん) in Hiragana.

は行 h- → p-
ぱ ぴ ぷ ぺ ぽ
pa pi pu pe po 

Vocabulary words

葉っぱ神秘切符ペンギンポイ捨て
はっしんきっんぎんいすて
leafmysteryticketpenguinlittering

little letters : 拗音(ようおん)

Key Phrases

Yo-on is composed little letters of あ段 う段 お段.

You can make the letters with “y-“ pronunciations.

きゃ きゅ きょ
kya kyu kyo
ぎゃ ぎゅ ぎょ
gya gyu gyo
しゃ しゅ しょ
sya (sha) syu (shu) syo (sho)
じゃ じゅ じょ
zya (ja) zyu (ju) zyo (jo)
ちゃ ちゅ ちょ
tya (cha) tyu (chu) tyo (cho)
ぢゃ ぢゅ ぢょ
dya (ja) dyu (ju) dyo (jo)
にゃ にゅ にょ
nya nyu nyo 
ひゃ ひゅ ひょ
hya hyu hyo 
びゃ びゅ びょ
bya byu byo 
ぴゃ ぴゅ ぴょ
pya pyu pyo 
みゃ みゅ みょ
mya myu myo 
りゃ りゅ りょ
rya ryu ryo

 * I write “日本式 Nihon​-Shiki” basically to let understand easily.

*(xxx) is “ヘボン式 hebon-shiki ( it’s regular Roman characters)”.

Vocabulary words

*For mobile phone users → sorry, I think you can check these tables clearly from your PC or Tablet.

きゃきゅきょ
お客さん休日今日
きゃくさんきゅうじつきょ
customerday offtoday
ぎゃぎゅぎょ
牛乳行事
ぎゃぎゅうにゅうぎょうじ
reversemilkevent
しゃしゅしょ
写真宿題辞書
しゃしんしゅくだいしょ
photohomeworkdictionary
じゃじゅじょ
忍者準備情熱
にんじゃじゅんびじょうねつ
Ninjapreparationpassion
ちゃちゅちょ
抹茶宇宙貯金
まっちゃちゅちょきん
powdered green teauniversesaving money

⭐️We don’t have any words with「ぢゃ・ぢゅ・ぢょ」.

にゃにゅにょ
老若男女入学女房
ろうにゃくなんにょにゅうがくにょうぼう
men and women of all agesentrancewife
ひゃひゅひょ
ヒューヒュー表現
ひゃひゅひゅひょうげん
one hundredwhizzexpression
びゃびゅびょ
白夜オーシャン・ビュー 病気
びゃくやおーしゃん びゅびょうき
a night with the midnight sunocean viewillness
ぴゃぴゅぴょ
八百ピュア一票
はっぴゃぴゅいっぴょ
8 hundredpure1 vote
みゃみゅみょ
ミュージック奇妙
みゃみゅーじっくみょ
pulsemusicodd
りゃりゅりょ
省略流行料金
しょうりゃりゅうこうりょうきん
omissiontrendfee

Let’s Practice

Let’s practice to write 半濁音 拗音. → CLICK HERE!

I recommend you to use this website. You can practice Hiragana and download handouts ALL FREE!

半濁音 拗音
from ぷりんときっず

Your Homework

✏️Answer these questions in Japanese and comment to the below.

Find 5 vocabulary words with 拗音.

Okay, that’s all for today!

Good luck with your Japanese study 🙂

P.S. My English skill is not enough yet. Please correct me with DM from CONTACT if my English is wrong. Thank you for your cooperation!

Next Lesson is; CLICK HERE!

Japanese Lesson 5: How to Express Your Feelings

Previous Lesson is; CLICK HERE!

Japanese Lesson 3: Japanese Phonics 1 濁音(だくおん)

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