JAPANESE LESSON, Minna no Nihongo

Minna no Nihongo 5: Kore wa Yuumeina E Desu【na adjective】

kore wa yuumeina e desu na adjective

Hi, I’m ojachan 🙂 【第8課】 Lesson 8.Kore wa Yuumeina E Desu【na adjective】

I was a cram school teacher in Japan. I taught Japanese from elementary to junior high school students. Don’t you want to know how to learn Japanese like Japanese kids? This lesson is meant for students that are beginners at Japanese.

⭐️This lesson is following the textbook “Minna no Nihongo”. (*not perfectly)

⭐️I’m going to give a lesson easier to understand for Japanese learners without following textbook’s orders.

Let’s get started!

Lesson 8. Kore wa Yuumeina E Desu【na-adjective】

There are two kinds of adjectives in Japanese.  One is イ形容詞 i-adjective, the other is ナ形容詞 na-adjective.

There are two ways to use na-adjective.

na-adjective Form
こそあど + na-adjective + noun + です。
[こそあど+ noun] + na-adjective (with omitting na) + です。
i-adjective Form
こそあど + i-adjective + noun + です。
[こそあど + noun] + i-adjective + noun です。

Key Phrases

I’ll teach you with “ていねい語 teinei-go Polite expression” 🙂

na-adjectivebefore a nounbefore the end
characteristicmodifying the nounbeing a predicate 
propertydescribing the nounexpressing the states or properties
i-adjectivebefore a nounbefore the end
characteristic modifying the nounbeing a predicate 
propertydescribing the nounexpressing the states or properties
① ここは 静かな 場所では ありません。
koko wa shizukana basyo dewa arimasen
This is not a quiet place.
② この場所は 静かでは ありません。
kono basyo wa shizuka dewa arimasen
This place is not quiet.
① あちらは 高価な カメラじゃ ありません。
achira wa kokana kamera jya arimasen
That is not an expensive camera. 
② あちらの カメラは 高価じゃ ありません。
achira no kamera wa kouka jya arimasen
That camera is not an expensive.
① そこは 素敵な ですか。
soko wa sutekina machi desu
Is it a nice city?
② そのは 素敵ですか。
kasono machi wa suteki desuka
Is the city is nice?

You see, the nuance of the emphasized word is is a bit different.

Exceptions


1. 同じ is Just 同じ

同じ is na-adjective but we don’t add either い and な. It is just used as 同じ.

同じおなじonajisame

2. “Popular” Is No Expression as Adjective in Japanese

❌ あれは 人気な お店です。

You can use this sentence but the sound is a bit weird for us. 人気 can be only used as a noun. Even Japanese people make a mistake too.

⭕️ ① あれは 人気 お店です。
are wa ninki no omise desu
That is a shop of popularity.
⭕️ ② あのお店は 人気です。
ano omise wa ninki desu
That shop is popularity.

( I know this English sentences are not good though…I just tried to translate this sentences directly.)


3. Words Ending with い Are Not Necessarily i-adjectives

① In the case, the Adjective can Change to Kanji

If you add な the end of these words, you can use as na adjectives.

nounていね→丁寧    いが → 意外
na adjectiveていねいいがい
② These Words are Exceptions 

Adjective words being ending with Both and are i ADJECTIVES. And Na adjectives being with ended いな are na ADJECTIVES

You can just memorize these words as exceptions if you are beginner’s level of Japanese.

categories 〜い〜な

i adjectives
大きい
小さい
温かい
おかしい
大きな
小さな
温かな
おかしな
na adjectives嫌い
きれい
嫌いな
きれいな
【Advanced】

In this part, It’s difficult to understand for beginner’s level of Japanese. So, the people who want to know more about adjectives or more than intermediate level of Japanese can only learn this part. Japanese people learn these participles when we are age 14 y.o. We don’t usually use the name of i adjective and na adjective in Japan. The names are made for Japanese learners actually. In Japan, we learn as 形容詞, 形容動詞, 連体詞

before a nounbefore the end 
i adjective形容詞 keiyoushi形容詞 keiyoushi
na adjective連体詞 rentaishi形容動詞 keiyoudoushi
な形容詞 na adjective

We call conjunction of na adjectives added the end of the sentence are 形容動詞 keiyoudoushi. Besides, we call na adjectives added before noun are 連体詞 rentaishi.

い形容詞 i adjective

we call adjectives which are added before noun are 形容詞 keiyoushi.

📚Adjective Words Being Ending with Both and are i ADJECTIVES
stem : 大き〜い〜な
word大き大き
word + noun⭕️大きい人
形容詞
⭕️大きな人
連体詞
word + です。⭕️大きいです。
形容詞
❌大きです。
形容動詞
stem : 小さ〜い〜な
word小さ小さ
word + noun⭕️小さい人
形容詞
⭕️小さな人
連体詞
word + です。⭕️小さいです。
形容詞
❌小さです。
形容動詞
stem : 温か〜い〜な
word温か温か
word + noun⭕️温かい人
形容詞
⭕️温かな人
連体詞
word + です。⭕️温かいです。
形容詞
❌温かです。
形容動詞
stem : おかし〜い〜な
wordおかしおかし
word + noun⭕️おかしい人
形容詞
⭕️おかしな人
連体詞
word + です。⭕️おかしいです。
形容詞
❌おかしです。
形容動詞
📚Na adjectives being ended with いな are na ADJECTIVES
stem : 嫌い〜い〜な
wordいな
word + noun❌嫌い人
形容詞
⭕️嫌いな人
連体詞
word + です。⭕️嫌いです。
noun
⭕️嫌いです。
形容動詞
stem : きれい〜い〜な
wordきれきれいな 
word + noun❌きれい人
形容詞
⭕️きれいな人
連体詞
word + です。⭕️きれいです。
noun
⭕️きれいです。
形容動詞

⚠️ 嫌い and きれい ARE NOT adjectives without な. These words are NOUNS.

Japanese people can check these words whether they are i-adjective or na-adjective by adding です or だ the end of the words of na adjectives. But it’s hard to understand for non native speakers because we judge these words potentially.


4. The Difference Between i-adjective And na-adjective

The difference between i-adjective and na-adjective is not only necessarily い or な.

As a result, the difference between i-adjective and na-adjective is; 

i-adjective always ends withい” and can modify a noun directly.
na-adjective ends with “だ” in casual phrases and can modify a noun. This adjective tends to be used all kanji.

Originally, i and na adjectives are just the ways to be able to tell the adjective easily. So, you should just memorize these words as exceptions.

Vocabulary Words

na-adjective can be a noun originally.

na-adjective 
noun + な
有名ゆうめいyuumeirenown
有名なゆうめいなyuumeinafamous
素敵すてきsuteki
素敵なすてきなsutekinanice
静かしずかshizukaquiet
静かなしずかなshizukanaquiet
元気げんきgenkienergy
元気なげんきなgenkinaenergetic
親切しんせつshinsetsukindness
親切なしんせつなshinsetsunakind
好きすきsukilikes
好きなすきなsukinafavorite
高価こうかkouka
高価なこうかなkoukanaexpensive
丁寧ていねいteineipoliteness
丁寧なていねいなteineinapolite
意外いがいigai
意外ないがいなigainaunexpected
きれいkireibeauty
きれいなkireinabeautiful
嫌いきらいkiraidislike
嫌いなきらいなkiraina
Red, blue, white and black can be only a i adjective
⭕️ 赤い 青い 白い 黒い
  akai aoi shiroi kuroi
  red blue white black
Yellow and blown can be only a i adjective with 色い
⭕️ 黄色い 茶色い
  kiiroi chairoi
  yellow blown
❌ 黄い 茶い
the other colors can be a noun with の
⭕️ 緑の ピンクの
  midorino pinkno
  green pink
❌ 緑い ピンクい
日本語ふりがなpronunciationEnglish
場所ばしょbashoplace
epicture
お店おみせomiseshop
いえiehouse
まちmachicity
授業じゅぎょうjyugyoulesson
さくらsakuracherry blossom
やまyamamountain
ひとhitoperson
カメラかめらkameracamera

Let’s Practice

Your Homework

✏️Answer these questions in Japanese and comment below.

Make 3 sentences with na adjectives.

Was this lesson difficult for you, right? Yeah, it was difficult to explain for me too! Lol It took a lot of time more than usual. So don’t worry! Please read this lesson again and again.

Okay, that’s all for today! Good luck with your Japanese study 😉

*MINNA NO NIHONGO,VOL.1-W/CD*

Amazon Reviews:★★★★

Author:
Makiko Shinya / Chiyoko Koga / Tooru Takada / Keiko Mikogami
supervised by Koichi Nishiguchi

Publisher:3 A corporation (2nd Edition)

P.S. My English skill is not enough yet. Please correct me with DM from CONTACT if my English is wrong. Thank you for your cooperation!

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Minna no Nihongo 5: Ga Arimasu and Ga Imasu

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Minna no Nihongo 4: Fujisan wa Takai Desu【i adjective】

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