JAPANESE LESSON, Minna no Nihongo

Minna no Nihongo 16: Anata wa Nani wo Tabemashitaka

Anata wa Nani wo Tabemashitaka

Hi, Ojachan here 🙂 Today’s lesson is;【第6課】 Lesson 6. Anata wa Nani wo Tabemashitaka

Don’t you want to know how to learn Japanese like Japanese kids? This lesson is meant for students that are beginners at Japanese. 

⭐️This lesson is following the textbook “Minna no Nihongo”. (*not perfectly)

⭐️I’m going to give a lesson easier to understand for Japanese learners without following textbook’s orders.

Let’s get started!

Past Sentence


■Review

When you make “past sentences“, you just add “ました” the end of the sentence.

【present / future tense】わたしは お寿司を 食べます
【past tense】わたしは お寿司を 食べました
anata wa sushi wo tabemashitaka 1
Minna no Nihongo
【Affirmative Sentence】
わたしは 昨日 レストランで お寿司を 食べました。
watashi wa kino restoran de osushi wo tabemashita
I ate sushi at the restaurant yesterday.

【Negative Sentence】
わたしは 昨日 レストランで お寿司を 食べませんでした。
watashi wa kinou restoran de osushi wo tabemasendeshita
I didn’t eat sushi at the restaurant yesterday.

【Interrogative Sentence】
あなたは 昨日 レストランで お寿司を 食べましたか。
anata wa kino restoran de osushi wo tabemashitaka
Did you eat sushi at the restaurant yesterday?

5W1H in Japanese

Anata wa Nani wo Tabemashitaka 2
5W1H Minna no Nihongo

You can expand your Japanese expression a lot if you learn this lesson.

You can talk your experience in Japanese, write a diary in Japanese and ask and answer the questions with your Japanese friends too!

Japanese elementary students learn these words as 5W1H「いつ、どこで、誰が、何を、なぜ、どうした」to write a composition in Japanese class.

⭐️ You should put the word which is related the point of the question before the verb when you answer the question.

1. いつ itsu When

You can use this word as “when” instead of the time.

いつ ミラーさんと 会いましたか。
itsu miller san to aimashitaka
When did you see Miller?

先週 会いました。
senshuu aimashita
I saw him last week.

2. どこ doko Where

You can use this word as “where” instead of the place.

どこに 行きましたか。
dokoni ikimashitaka
Where did you go?

レストランに 行きました。
restoran ni ikimashita
I went to the restaurant with my friend.

3. dare Who

You can use this word as “who” instead of the person.

誰が 飲み会に 誘いましたか。
dare ga nomikai ni sasoimashitaka
Who invited to a drinking party?

佐藤さんが 誘いました。
satou san ga sasoimashita
Sato did.

4. nani / nan What

You can use this word as “what” instead of objects or things.

However, there are two different way to pronunciations of 何.

①なに nani

1) なに is used a single. So it is often used with “助詞 joshi (participle)”.

なに+助詞
なに when you ask the object as what
なに when you ask the subject as what
なに to be what

2) 何 is usually pronounced as なに which means “what”.
You can use なに if you want to ask objects or things.

あなたは 何を 食べましたか。
anagata wa nani wo tabemashitaka
What did you eat?
 
わたしは お寿司を 食べました。
watashi wa osushiwo tabemashita
I eat sushi.

3) なに is used as “which” or “what kind of~”.

何人 nanijin which nationality
何語 nanigo What kind of language
何色 naniiro What kind of color

× なんじん なんご なんいろ
②なん nan

なん is always added with something. 

You can use it with something as a compound word if you use なん.

1) なん is used following てとのでだ and です.

なん how to say / express (casual)
なん how to say  / express (formal)
なん what ~
なん why
なんwhat is ~?(casual)
なんですか。What is ~?(polite)

2) 何 is often pronounced as なん which means “how” or “what sth”.
When you pronounce it as なん, you can ask “the detail” of that like;

あなたは 何の お寿司を 食べましたか。
anata wa nanno osushi wo tabemashitaka
What sushi did you eat?

わたしは 鮭の お寿司を 食べました。
watashi wa sakeno osushi wo tabemashita
I eat a sushi of salmon.

3) You can use it as “How many” with a noun.

何人 nannin How many people
何カ国語 nankagokugo How many language
何色 nanshoku How many color

You see, those words same as above kanji words but it’s totally different meanings because of the pronunciations!

5. なぜ  /どうして naze Why

You can use this word as “why” instead of the reason.

なぜ is a formal expression. どうして is a casual expression.

⭐️ In conversation, you should use どうして better than なぜ because the sound is more natural.

どうして ミラーさんは 何も 食べませんでしたか。
doushite miller san wa nanimo tabemasendeshitaka
Why didn’t Miller eat anything?

その時 体調が 悪かった からです。
sonotoki taichouga warukatta karadesu
Because he felt bad at that time.

6. どのように donoyouni How

You can use this word as “how” instead of the way.

どのように is a fomal expression. どうやって is a casual expression.

どうやって 病院に 行きましたか。
douyatte byouin ni ikimashitaka
How did Miller go to the hospital?

タクシーで そこに 行きました。
takushii de sokoni ikimashita
He went there by a taxi.

Vocabulary Words


日本語pronunciationEnglish
食事会shokujikaia party
昼食会chuushokukaia lunch party
夕食会yuushokukaia dinner party
飲み会nomikaia drinking party
宴会enkaia banquet / a party
歓迎会kangeikaia welcome party
送別会soubetsukaia farewell party
新年会shinnenkaia new year’s party
忘年会bounenkaia year-end party
誕生会tanjoukaia birthday party
女子会joshikaia kitty party
打ち上げuchiagewrap-up party

Expressions Verbs


辞書形 jisho-keiます形 masu-keiました形 machina-kei
食べる
taberu
to eat
食べます
tabemasu
eat
食べました
tabemashita
ate
飲む
nomu
to drink
飲みます
nomimasu
drink
飲みました
nomimashita
drank
切る
kiru
to cut
切ります
kirimasu
cut
切りました
kirimashita
cut
見る
miru
to see
見ます
mimasu
see
見ました
mimashita
saw
聞く
kiku
to listen
聞きます
kikimasu
listen
聞きました
kikimashita
listened
言う
iu
to say
言います
iimasu
say
言いました
iimashita
said
読む
yomu
to read
読みます
yomimasu
read
読みました
yomimashita
read
書く
kaku
to write
書きます
kakimasu
write
書きました
kakimashita
wrote
撮る
toru
to take
撮ります
torimasu
take
撮りました
torimashita
took
会う
au
to meet
会います
aimasu
meet
会いました
aimashita
met

Let’s Practice


Your Homework


✏️Answer these questions in Japanese and comment  below.

① 昨日 何を 食べましたか。
② どこで 食べましたか。

Okay, that’s all for today!

Good luck with your Japanese study 😉

background-color”>*MINNA NO NIHONGO,VOL.1-W/CD*

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Publisher:3 A corporation (2nd Edition)

P.S. My English skill is not enough yet. Please correct me with DM from CONTACT if my English is wrong. Thank you for your cooperation!

Next Lesson is;

Minna no Nihongo 17: Watashi wa Nihongo wo Benkyoushimasu

Previous Lesson is; CLICK HERE!

Minna no Nihongo 15: Chiba ni Ikimasenka

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